Adolph Caspar Miller was an economist who served on the inaugural Federal Reserve Board, to which he was appointed by President Wilson in 1914. Born in San Francisco, Miller attended the University of California, Harvard University, and the Universities of Paris and Munich. He was an instructor of ecomonics at Harvard; a professor at the University of California and the University of Chicago; and an associate professor at Cornell. Miller, the author of numerous papers on finance and banking, served on the Reserve Board until his retirement in 1936. He married, in 1895, the former Mary Sprague.