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Greene, Gardiner

American, 1822 - 1895

Biography
Gardiner Greene was the son of Augusta Elizabeth Borland Greene [1795-1861] and William Parkinson Greene [1795-1864], and a descendant of Dr. James Lloyd of Boston, subject of a portrait now in the NGA (1947.17.107). James Lloyd was born 24 March 1728 in Oyster Bay, Long Island (NY), the youngest of ten children of Henry Lloyd and Rebecca Nelson Lloyd. James studied medicine in Boston and New England, and apprenticed with prominent obstetricians. In 1752 he began a surgery practice in Boston and became widely respected for his skill and for the introduction of new surgical methods to New England. Dr. James Lloyd was the first physician to practice mid-wifery in America, leading the way for a more scientific basis to obstetrics. Dr. Lloyd married the former Sarah Corwin [d. 1797], with whom he had a son, James, and a daughter Sarah, later Mrs. Leonard Vassal Borland. James, the younger, born in 1769, later became a United States Senator from Massachusetts. Mrs. Borland was Augusta Elizabeth Borland's mother. Dr. James Lloyd is believed to have commissioned a portrait of his nephew, Colonel Fitch, and nieces Anna and Sarah (the children of his sister Elizabeth Lloyd Fitch) from the artist John Singleton Copley. This painting is also now in the NGA (1960.4.1). A moderate loyalist, Dr. Lloyd remained in Boston during the British occupation. He went to England in 1789 to obtain compensation for his losses, but was unable to do so without declaring himself a British subject, which he declined to do. Dr. Lloyd died in Boston in 1810.
Bibliography
1903
Greene, George Sears. The Greenes of Rhode Island. New York, 1903: 429-430, 578, 687
1927
Barck, Dorothy C., ed. Papers of the Lloyd Family of the Manor of Queen's Village, Lloyd's Neck, Long Island, New York, 1654-1826. vols. New York, 1927: 2:889, 895, 899.
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