Stoddert was the nephew of William Smallwood (1732-1792), major-general in the American revolutionary army and governor of Maryland from 1785-1788. Stoddert inherited a portrait of Smallwood now in the NGA (1947.17.89). Stoddert's son John Truman Stoddert (1790-1870) served in the Maryland House of Delegates and in the U.S. House of Representatives. Along with his uncle, William Stoddert was a founding member of the Society of the Cincinnati in 1783. [Compiled from sources and references recorded on CMS]
Bowie, Walter Worthington. The Bowies and their Kindred. Washington, 1899:204-206
Metcalf, Bryce. Original Members and Other Officers eligible to the Society of the Cincinnati, 1783-1938. Strasburg, Va, 1938:299
Who Was Who in America; Historical Volume. Chicago, 1967: 580 (on John Truman Stoddert).