Louise Aline Barnsdall was the daughter of oil tycoon Theodore Newton Barnsdall (1851-1917) whose own father, William had emigrated from England in the 1800s and struck oil in 1859. Aline studied theater in Europe and returned to the United States to begin a career in producing. Settling in Chicago, she commissioned architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design a theater for her company, the Little Chicago Theater. Wright also designed two Los Angeles residences for Barnsdall, Hollyhock House and Olive Hill.
Obituary, New York Times. 19 December 1946:29:5
Smith, Kathryn. Frank Lloyd Wright. Hollyhock House and Olive Hill: Building and Projects for Aline Barnsdall. New York, 1992:16-18