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Provenance

Commissioned by Floriano Griffoni for a family chapel (the sixth off the north aisle) in the church of San Petronio, Bologna;[1] moved to the Casa Aldrovandi, Bologna, c. 1731, but no longer there in 1782.[2] Count Ugo Beni, Gubbio, by 1858;[3] purchased 1881 or at (Beni sale, Gubbio, April 1882, no. 4, as Saint Martin by Zoppo) by Joseph Spiridon [1845-1930], Paris;[4] (his sale, Cassirer and Helbing, Berlin, 31 May 1929, no. 12, as Heilige Liberalis); (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York);[5] sold May 1936 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[6] gift 1939 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1932
Exhibition of Italian Renaissance Art, Wadsworth Atheneum and Morgan Memorial, Hartford, 1932, no. 18, as Saint Liberale.
1933
Italian Paintings of the XIV to XVI Century Detroit Institute of Arts, 1933, no. 78, as San Liberale.
1935
Exposition de l'Art Italien de Cimabue à Tiepolo, Petit Palais, Paris, 1935, no. 121, as Saint Libéral.
Bibliography
1872
Guardabassi, Mariano. Indice-Guida dei Monumenti Pagani e Cristiani Riguardanti l'istoria e l'arte esistenti nella provincia dell'Umbria. 1872:104
1901
Venturi, Adolfo. Storia dell'arte Italiana. 11 vols. Milan, 1901-1940: 7, part 3(1914): 598-599, repro.
1906
Venturi, Adolfo. "Due quadri di Francesco del Cossa nella raccolta Spiridion a Parigi." L'Arte 9 (1906): 139-140, repro.
1907
Berenson, Bernard. North Italian Painters of the Renaissance. New York and London, 1907: 202, repro.
1929
Dussler, L. "Die Italienishen Bilder der Sammlung Spiridon." Pantheon III (April 1929):160
1929
Fischel, Oskar. Die Sammlung Joseph Spiridon. Paris, 1929:no. 12, repro.
1929
Furst, Herbert. "Art News and Notes." Apollo 9 (1929):326-327, repro.
1934
Longhi, Roberto. Officina Ferrarese. Rome, 1934:50, repro; rev. ed. Florence, 1956:33, 130-131
1935
"La Mostra dell'antica arte Italiana a Parigi." Bollettino d'Arte 29, series 3 (1935):42, repro.
1941
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 65, repro., as Saint Liberalis.
1941
Ortolani, Sergio. Cosmé Tura, Francesco del Cossa, Ercole de'Roberti. Milan, 1941:131, repro.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 45, no. 338, as Saint Liberal.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 246, repro. 88, as Saint Liberal.
1944
Frankfurter, Alfred M. The Kress Collection in the National Gallery. New York, 1944: 32, repro., as St. Liberale.
1945
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 74, repro.
1950
Nicolson, Benedict. The Painters of Ferrara. London, 1950:13, repro.
1958
Neppi, Alberto. Francesco Del Cossa. Milan, 1958:24-26, repro.
1959
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 116, repro.
1959
Ruhmer, Eberhard. Francesco Del Cossa. Munich, 1959:85, repro.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 301, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 32.
1966
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XIII-XV Century. London, 1966: 83-84, fig. 222.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 25, repro.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 56.
1974
Molajoli, Rosemarie. L'Opera completa di Cosmè Tura e i grandi pittori ferraresi del suo tempo: Francesco Cossa e Ercole de'Roberti. Milan, 1974:no. 84, repro.
1974
Pesenti, Franco Renzo. "Dismembered works of art - Italian painting." In An Illustrated Inventory of Famous Dismembered Works of Art: European Painting. Paris, 1974: 24, 46-47, repro.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 80, repro.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:140-142, II:pl. 99
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 116, no. 99, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 100, repro.
1985
Mündler, Otto. "The Travel Diaries of Otto Mündler." Ed. Carol Togneri Dowd. Walpole Society 51 (1985): 246-247, 268.
1992
Santucci, Paola. La Pittura del Quattrocento. Torino, 1992:206, repro.
2003
Boskovits, Miklós, and David Alan Brown, et al. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. The Systematic Catalogue of the National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C., 2003: 215-222, color repro.
2013
Lucco, Mauro. Mantegna. Milan, 2013: 110 fig. 54, 118.