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Provenance

Benacosi family, Ferrara; on consignment 1815 with Count Leopoldo Cicognara, Venice; sold 1815 to Charles William Stewart (later Vane), 3rd marquess of Londonderry [1778-1854]. Count Leopoldo Cicognara, Venice, from 1816; sold after 1821 to James-Alexandre, comte de Pourtalès-Gorgier, Paris; (Pourtalès-Gorgier sale, Paris, 27 March 1865, no. 118); purchased by Comte Charles de Pourtalès, Paris. Baron Michele Lazzaroni, Paris and Rome. (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris). Henry Goldman [1857-1937], New York, by 1922 until at least 1933.[1] (Duveen Brothers, Inc.); sold 1937 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1939 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1924
Loan Exhibition of Important Early Italian Paintings in the Possession of Notable American Collectors, Duveen Brothers, New York, 1924, no. 33 as by Titian (no. 46, as The Toilet of Venus in illustrated 1926 version of catalogue).
1989
Image and Word, Elizabeth Myers Mitchell Art Gallery, St. John's College, Annapolis, Maryland, 1989, no. 14.
Bibliography
1816
Cicognara, Leopoldo. Relazione di due quadri di Tiziano Vecelli. Venice, 1816: 3-14.
1817
Ticozzi, Stefano. Vite dei pittori Vecelli di Cadore. Milan, 1817: 52-64.
1865
Catalogue des Tableaux Anciens et Modernes Dessins qui composent les Collections de M. le Comte de Pourtalès-Gorgier. Paris, 1865: 43-44, no. 118.
1869
Villot, Frédéric. Notice des tableaux exposés dans les galéries du Musée Impérial du Louvre. Paris, 1869: 289.
1874
Campori, Giuseppe. “Tiziano e gli Estensi.” Nuova Antologia 12 (1874): 614.
1877
Crowe, Joseph Archer, and Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle. Titian, His Life and Times. 2 vols. London, 1877: 1:268-269.
1888
Malamani, Vittorio. Memorie del Conte Leopoldo Cicognara. 2 vols. Venice, 1888: 2:113-114, 125-133.
1901
Venturi, Adolfo. Storia dell’arte italiana. 11 vols. Milan, 1901-1940: 9, part 3(1928):230-234.
1904
Gronau, Georg. Titian. London, 1904: 285.
1907
Gronau, Georg. “Tizians Selbstbildnis in der Berliner Galerie.” Jahrbuch der Königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen 28 (1907): 45.
1908
Justi, Carl. Miscellaneen aus drei Jahrhunderten spanischen Kunstlebens. 2 vols. Berlin, 1908: 2:169.
1913
Ricci, Seymour de. Description raisonnée des peintures du Louvre. Paris, 1913: 163-164.
1922
Valentiner, Wilhelm R. “Ein unbekanntes Meisterwerk Tizians.” Belvedere 1 (1922): 91.
1922
Valentiner, Wilhelm R. The Henry Goldman Collection. New York, 1922: no. 6.
1922
Waldmann, Emil. Tizian. Berlin, 1922: 217-218.
1924
Fischel, Oskar. Tizian: Des Meisters Gemälde. 5th ed. Stuttgart, 1924: 306.
1926
Valentiner, Wilhelm R. A Catalogue of Early Italian Paintings Exhibited at the Duveen Galleries, April to May 1924. New York, 1926: n.p., no. 46, repro.
1928
Heinemann, Fritz. Tizian. Munich, 1928: 49-52.
1932
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and their Works with an Index of Places. Oxford, 1932: 573.
1933
Suida, Wilhelm. Tizian. Zürich and Leipzig, 1933: 30, 158 no. 121a.
1933
Venturi, Lionello. Italian Paintings in America. Translated by Countess Vanden Heuvel and Charles Marriott. 3 vols. New York and Milan, 1933: 3:no. 508.
1935
Dussler, Luitpold. “Tizian-Ausstellung in Venedig.” Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte 4 (1935): 237.
1937
Tietze, Hans. Titian: Paintings and Drawings. Vienna, 1937: 89, 303.
1941
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 154, repro., as Alfonso d'Este and Laura Dianti [Presumed] by Titian.
1941
Preliminary Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1941: 197, no. 370, as by Titian.
1942
Book of Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 247, repro. 199, as by Titian.
1944
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 66, color repro., as by Titian.
1944
Frankfurter, Alfred M. The Kress Collection in the National Gallery. New York, 1944: 52, repro.
1945
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1945 (reprinted 1947, 1949): 102, repro., as by Titian.
1946
Riggs, Arthur Stanley. Titian the Magnificent and the Venice of His Day. New York, 1946: 96.
1950
Tietze, Hans. Titian. The Paintings and Drawings. London, 1950: 402.
1957
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Venetian School. 2 vols. London, 1957: 1:192.
1960
Valcanover, Francesco. Tutta la pittura di Tiziano. 2 vols. Milan, 1960: 1:97.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 129.
1966
Tschmelitsch, Günther. Harmonia est Discordia Concors. Vienna, 1966: n.p.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 116, repro.
1968
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XV-XVI Century. London, 1968: 189-190, fig. 436.
1969
Pallucchini, Rodolfo. Tiziano. 2 vols. Florence, 1969: 1:246.
1969
Valcanover, Francesco. L’opera completa di Tiziano. Milan, 1969: no. 53.
1969
Wethey, Harold. The Paintings of Titian. 3 vols. London, 1969-1975: 3(1975):212-213.
1969
Zeri, Federico. "Review of Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. Italian Schools XV-XVI Century by Fern Rusk Shapley." The Burlington Magazine 111 (1969): 455.
1972
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972: 203, 542, 645.
1979
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: I:498-500, II:pl. 354
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 399, repro.
1985
Longhi, Roberto. Viatico per cinque secoli di pittura veneziana (1946). Rev. ed. Florence, 1985: 234.
1993
Le Siècle de Titien. L’Âge d’Or de la Peinture à Venise. Exh. cat. Grand Palais, Paris, 1993: 363.
1997
Goffen, Rona. Titian's Women. New Haven and London, 1997: no. 44, repro.
1997
Santore, Cathy. "The Tools of Venus." in Renaissance Studies Vol. 11 Nol 3. The Society for Renaissance Studies, Oxford University Press, 1997: 184-185, repro. no. 6.
1997
Schäpers, Petra. Die junge Frau bei der Toilette: Ein Bildthema im venezianischen Cinquecento. Frankfurt, 1997: 130-132.
2001
Pedrocco, Filippo. Titian: The Complete Paintings. New York, 2001: 101.
2008
Dal Pozzolo, Enrico Maria. Colori d’Amore. Parole, Gesti e Carezze nella Pitture Veneziana del Cinquecento. Treviso, 2008: 99, 107-108.
2014
Joannides, Paul, and Rupert Featherstone. “A Painting by Titian from the Spanish Royal Collection at Apsley House, London.” Hamilton Kerr Institute Bulletin 5 (2014): 73-74.