Painted for George, 1st Baron Vernon [1709/1710-1780], Sudbury Hall, Derbyshire; by descent to Francis, 9th Baron Vernon [1889-1963]. (Arnold Seligmann, Rey & Co., Inc., New York); purchased 1940 by Duncan Phillips, Washington, D.C.; gift 1952 to NGA.
- Extended loan for use by The Supreme Court of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1972.
- English Caricature 1620 to the Present, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, 1984, no. 35, pl. 13.
- Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 68, as by William Hogarth.
- Baldini, Gabriele and Gabriele Mandel. L'opera completa di Hogarth pittore. Milan, 1967: no. 199, repro.
- European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 60, repro., as by William Hogarth.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 46, repro., as British School
- English Caricature 1620 to the Present. Exh. cat. Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, 1984: no. 35, pl. 13.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 21, repro.
- Hayes, John. British Paintings of the Sixteenth through Nineteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 169-171, repro. 170.
The medium-weight canvas is plain woven; it has been lined. The ground is white gesso, thinly applied. The painting is executed in fairly thick opaque paint for the heads, with low impasto in most of the foreheads, and in thin, translucent washes throughout the rest of the painting, with a palette of earth tones. There are numerous small losses along the top and bottom edges, and scattered but minimal retouching elsewhere. Otherwise the painting is in good condition. The moderately thick natural resin varnish has discolored yellow to a moderate degree.