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Inscription

on truncated arm, proper right: HOUDON / FECIT. / 1778.

Provenance

Comte Marcellin de Fresnes, by 1879;[1] by bequest before 1907 to Comtesse Greffulhe [née Princess Elisabeth de Caraman-Chimay, 1860-1952], Paris;[2] (Wildenstein & Co., New York), by November 1955;[3] purchased 18 January 1957 by NGA.[4]

Exhibition History
1777
Probably Salon, Paris, 1777, no. 248.
1974
Nineteenth-Century Sculpture, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1974, unnumbered checklist.
1976
The Eye of Thomas Jefferson, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1976, no. 335.
1996
Obras Maestras de la National Gallery of Art de Washington, Museo Nacional de Antropología, Mexico City, 1996-1997, unnumbered catalogue, 96-97, color repro.
2003
Jean-Antoine Houdon: Sculptor to the Enlightenment, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles; Musée national du château de Versailles/Réunion des musées nationaux, 2003-2004, no. 36, repro.
Bibliography
1834
de Quincy, M. Quatremère. "Notice historique sur la vie et les ouvrages de M. Houdon, sculpteur." Recueil de notices historiques: lues dans les séances publiques de l'Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts Paris, 1834: 388-402.
1855
de Montaiglon, Anatole, and Georges Duplessis. "Houdon, sa vie et ses ouvrages." Revue universelle des Arts 1&2 (1855-1856): 179.
1879
Ris, Comte Louis Clément de. "Le musée de l'Ermitage à Saint-Petersbourg (first of 4 articles)." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 19 (February 1879): 186.
1907
Schemit, Jean. Archives de l'art français: Recueil de documents inédits, nouvelle période,1. Paris, 1907: 203.
1908
Schemit, Jean. "Catalogue critique des sculptures." Bulletin de la Société de l'Historie de l'Art français (1908): 171-172.
1910
Lami, Stanislas. Dictionnaire des Sculpteurs de l'Ecole française au dix-huitième siècle. 2 vols. Paris, 1910-1911:1: 419.
1913
Roger-Milès, L. Les Dianes de Houdon et les caprices de la pudeur estétique a la fin du XVIIe siècle. Paris, 1913: 26, 37, 40.
1915
Bapst, Germain. Diana Huntress by Jean Antoine Houdon (1741-1828). Paris, 1915: 7-18.
1919
Giacometti, Georges. Le statuaire Jean-Antoine Houdon: et son epoque (1741-1828) 3 vols. Paris, 1919:2:15-23.
1929
Giacometti, Georges. La vie et l'oeuvre de Houdon. 2 vols. Paris, 1928: 2:225-246.
1942
Rostrup, Haavard. J.A. Houdon (1741-1828). Copenhagen, 1942: 10, 26, 37.
1955
The Frick Collection: An Illustrated Catalogue of Works of Art in the Collection of Henry Clay Frick. vol. 12. New York, 1955: 98-99.
1959
Cott, Perry B. "A Note on Houdon's Bust of Diana." In Samuel H. Kress Foundation, Studies in the history of art. Dedicated to William E. Suida on his eightieth birthday. London, 1959: 364-367, fig. 1.
1959
Pope-Hennessy, John. "Honouring an Art Historian." Times Literary Supplement 3009 (30 October, 1959): 620.
1960
"La chronique des arts." Supplement a la 'Gazette des Beaux-Arts'. (January 1960): repro. 39.
1960
Réau, Louis. "La Diane et l'Apollon de Houdon." Colóquio 9 (June 1960): 59, repro.
1964
Réau, Louis. Houdon: Sa vie et son oeuvre. Paris, 1964: 24, no. 72, repro. fig. 5E/72.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 159.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 140, repro.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 645, no. 1016, repro.
1994
Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994: 110, repro.
1999
Norman Herz, Katherine A. Holbrow and Shelley G. Sturman. "Marble Sculture in the National Gallery of Art: a Provenance Study." In Max Schvoerer, ed. Archéomatériaux: marbres et autres roches: ASMOSIA IV, Bordeaux, France 9-13 october 1995: actes de la IVème Conférence international de l’Association pour l’étude des marbres et autres roches utilizes dans le passé. Talence, 1999: 101-110.
2000
Scherf, Guilhem. Houdon: Diane Chasseresse. Paris, 2000: 20, repro. fig. 16.
2003
Houdon: Sculpteur des Lumières. Exh. cat. Musée National du Château de Versailles, France; National Gallery of Art, Washington; J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2003: 225.
2005
The Arts of France from François Ier to Napoléon Ier. A Centennial Celebration of Wildenstein's Presence in New York. Exh. cat. Wildenstein & Co., Inc., New York, 2005: 80 (not in the exhibition).