Ailsa Mellon Bruce [1901-1969], New York; bequest 1970 to NGA.
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 310, as by Unknown [Formerly Considered American].
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 405, repro.
- Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 497-499, repro. 498.