Release Date: March 14, 2014
Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker’s Pledge to Transform the National Gallery of Art’s Photography Collection
Washington, DC—A pledged gift from the collection of leading art collectors Robert E. Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker will transform the National Gallery of Art’s holdings of contemporary photographs. The promised gift features 30 large-scale, seminal photographs by Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, Thomas Demand, Jeff Wall, Cindy Sherman, and Hiroshi Sugimoto, among others.
“In combination, the scale of the photographs and the brilliance of their color allow for new insights into the traditional divisions between photography and painting,” said Earl A. Powell III, director, National Gallery of Art. “This generous pledge from Robert Meyerhoff and Rheda Becker is truly one of our most significant photography donations to date.”
The donation will give the Gallery its first-ever examples in any medium by critically important artists Marina Abramovic, Andreas Gursky, Candida Höfer, Catherine Opie, Thomas Ruff, Cindy Sherman, and Jeff Wall. The gift will also double the Gallery’s collection of work by Vera Lutter and Vik Muniz, and significantly expand its representation of Thomas Demand and Thomas Struth. The Meyerhoff/Becker collection also includes significant works by other important contemporary photographers as well as artists working in a variety of media, such as John Baldessari and Anselm Kiefer.
The entire Meyerhoff/Becker collection is to be shown upon the reopening of the East Building in 2016.
The Düsseldorf School
The Meyerhoff/Becker collection is particularly rich in photographs by the famed Düsseldorf School, a group that rose to prominence in the 1980s. Their work is characterized by a seemingly objective, straightforward style and the use of large-scale, vibrantly colored prints. Three works by Thomas Demand, two by Andreas Gursky, three by Candida Höfer, two by Thomas Ruff, and six by Thomas Struth, greatly strengthens the Gallery’s representation of this important movement. On average, these photographs measure five-by-seven feet—a scale indebted to radical advances in digital technology that enabled artists from the late 20th century onward to make prints of increasingly larger sizes. Many of the Meyerhoff/Becker photographs are face-mounted to plexiglass, which adds a dazzling luminosity to the pictures.
Among the most outstanding examples of the Düsseldorf School in the Meyerhoff/Becker collection are four pictures from Thomas Struth’s Museum Photographs, a series that examines the ways in which viewers of works of art are not merely consumers of the past, but are also active participants in its reinterpretation. Alte Pinakothek (Self-Portrait), Munich (2000) depicts the artist standing in front of one of Germany’s most iconic images: Albrecht Dürer’s self-portrait. The result is two German artists examining each other across the span of 500 years.
Equally notable is Thomas Demand’s Clearing (2003), a stunning view of light filtering through a forest. To create this work, Demand constructed a handmade forest in a steel frame approximately 50 feet long, 18 feet high, and 32 feet deep, using 270,000 individual pieces of dye-cut paper. He illuminated the construction with intense studio lighting and captured the scene in a photograph that measures 6-by-16 1/2 feet.
Bernd and Hilla Becher
The Meyerhoff/Becker Collection also includes a grid of nine photographs by Bernd and Hilla Becher, the professors at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf who inspired the Düsseldorf School of photographers. Drawing their inspiration in part from the American New Topographic photographs of the 1970s, these photographers are known for dispassionate, documentary-like examinations of cityscapes and interiors, as well as portraiture.
In 1987 the National Gallery of Art announced that Robert and Jane Meyerhoff (1924-2004) had signed an agreement with the National Gallery of Art providing the terms for the eventual donation of the entire collection to the Gallery. It includes an unsurpassed holding of art by Jasper Johns, Frank Stella, Robert Rauschenberg, Roy Lichtenstein, Ellsworth Kelly, and Brice Marden, among others.
From March through July 1996, the Gallery displayed a number of these works in an exhibition entitled The Robert and Jane Meyerhoff Collection: 1945 to 1995. The Gallery also exhibited the Meyerhoff collection from October 2009 through May 2010 in the exhibition The Robert and Jane Meyerhoff Collection: Selected Works. The later exhibition was curated by Harry Cooper, curator and head of modern art.
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The Robert and Jane Meyerhoff Collection: Selected Works October 1, 2009—May 2, 2010