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lower right: Degas

Provenance

Purchased from the artist in April 1872 by (Durand-Ruel, Paris); sold 7 May 1873 to Jean-Baptiste Faure [1830-1914], Paris; sold 28 February 1881 to (Durand-Ruel, Paris);[1] Jules F├ęder, Paris. Erwin Davis, New York; (his sale, New York, 19 March 1889, no. 62, as Before the Races). (Cottier and Co., London and New York); sold 1894 to Peter A.B. Widener [d. 1915], Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; Inheritance from the Estate of Peter A. B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1915
Loan Exhibition of Masterpieces of Old and Modern Painters, M. Knoedler & Co., New York, 1915, no. 23
1982
Manet and Modern Paris, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1982-1983, no. 48, repro.
1998
Degas at the Races, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1998, no. 50, repro., as Before the Race.
2001
Degas and America: The Early Collectors, High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 2001, no. 25, repro.
2013
Intimate Impressionism from the National Gallery of Art, Museo dell'Ara Pacis Augustae, Rome (exhibition title in this venue: Impressionist Gems); Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco; McNay Art Museum, San Antonio; Mitsubishi Ichigokan Museum, Tokyo, Seattle Art Museum, 2013-2015.
Bibliography
1915
Roberts, William. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: British and Modern French Schools, Philadelphia, 1915: unpaginated, repro.
1923
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
1948
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 107, repro.
1962
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds., Treasures from the National Gallery of Art, New York, 1962: 156, color repro.
1963
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 325, repro.
1965
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 38.
1966
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 2:436, color repro.
1968
European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1968: 32, repro.
1975
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 96, repro.
1984
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 474, no. 699, color repro.
1985
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 118, repro.
1988
Pantazzi, Michael. In Degas, Exh. cat. Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1988-1989:160 221-223, n. 9, repro.
1991
Loyrette, Henri. Degas. Paris, 1991: 751, no. 437.
1993
Kendall, Richard. Degas Landscapes. New Haven and London, 1993:112, repro.
1997
Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionism, 1997: no. 268, repro.
1998
Degas at the Races. Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1998: no. 50.
2017
Hoenigswald, Ann, and Kimberly A. Jones. "The Question of Finish in the Work of Edgar Degas." In Degas, Daphne Barbour and Suzanne Quillen Lomax, eds. Facture. Conservation, Science, Art History 3 (2017): 20-49, esp. 36-37, fig. 13.
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