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Anonymous collection or dealer, Florence, sold c. 1780 to George Nassau Clavering-Cowper, 3rd Earl Cowper [1738-1789], Florence; by inheritance to George Augustus Clavering-Cowper, 4th Earl Cowper [d. 1799]; by inheritance to Peter Leopold Louis Francis Nassau Clavering-Cowper, 5th Earl Cowper [d. 1837], Panshanger, Hertford, England; by inheritance to George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper [d. 1856], Panshanger; by inheritance to Francis Thomas De Grey Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper and 7th Baron Lucas [d. 1905], Panshanger and Wrest Park, Bedford, England; by inheritance to his widow, Katrine Cecilia Compton Cowper, Countess Cowper [d. 1913], Panshanger; by inheritance to Lady Ethel Desborough, granddaughter of the 6th Earl, Panshanger; sold 1913 to (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris); sold 1914 to Peter A.B. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; inheritance from Estate of Peter A.B. Widener by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park; gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History

Possibly Pictures of the Italian and Spanish Schools, British Institution, London, 1816, no. 32, as The Virgin and Infant Savior.
Possibly British Institution, London, 1841, no. 28, as Virgin and Child.
Art Treasures of the United Kingdom: Paintings by Ancient Masters, Art Treasures Palace, Manchester, 1857, no. 136.
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters. Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1881, no. 148.
A Collection of Pictures of the Umbrian School and Other Works of Art, Burlington Fine Arts Club, London, 1909, no. 37A.
National Loan Exhibition in Aid of National Gallery Funds, Grafton Galleries, London, 1909-1910, no. 70, repro.
Loan Exhibition of Important Early Italian Paintings in the Possession of Notable American Collectors, Duveen Brothers, New York, 1924, no. 6 (no. 21 in illustrated 1926 version of catalogue).
Raphael and America, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1983, no. 63, repro.
Raffaelo e Urbino. La formazione giovanile e i rapporti con la città natale, Palazzo Ducale, Urbino, 2009, no. 42, repro.
Loan for display with permanent collection, Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, 2010-2011.
Raphael Confronts Raphael?, Worcester Art Museum, 2015, no catalogue.


Berenson, Bernard, and William Roberts. Pictures in the Collection of P.A.B. Widener at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania: Early Italian and Spanish Schools. Philadelphia, 1916: unpaginated, repro.
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1923: unpaginated, repro.
Valentiner, Wilhelm R., ed. Unknown Masterpieces in Public and Private Collections. London, 1930: n.p., pl. 19.
Paintings in the Collection of Joseph Widener at Lynnewood Hall. Intro. by Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, 1931: 148, repro.
Tietze, Hans. Meisterwerke europäischer Malerei in Amerika. Vienna, 1935: 78, repro. (English ed., Masterpieces of European Painting in America. New York, 1939: 78, repro.).
Jewell, Edward Alden. "Mellon's Gift." Magazine of Art 30, no. 2 (February 1937): 82.
Duveen Brothers. Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941: no. 134, repro.
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 6.
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. Masterpieces of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. New York, 1944: 44, color repro.
Paintings and Sculpture from the Widener Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1948 (reprinted 1959): 16, repro.
Einstein, Lewis. Looking at Italian Pictures in the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1951: 56-58, repro.
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Comparisons in Art: A Companion to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. London, 1957 (reprinted 1959): pl. 34.
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1963 (reprinted 1964 in French, German, and Spanish): 132, repro.
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 107.
Cairns, Huntington, and John Walker, eds. A Pageant of Painting from the National Gallery of Art. 2 vols. New York, 1966: 1:126, color repro.
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Central Italian and North Italian Schools. 3 vols. London, 1968: 1:355.
National Gallery of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. Washington, 1968: 95, repro.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 282, repro.
King, Marian. Adventures in Art: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. New York, 1978: 28, pl. 8.
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: 1:396-397; 2:pl. 281.
Oberhuber, Konrad. Raffaello. Milan, 1982:38-42, no. 42, repro.
Pedretti, Carlo. Raffaello. Bologna, 1982: 29.
Brown, David Alan. "Raphael's 'Small Cowper Madonna' and the 'Madonna of the Meadow:' Their Technique and Leonard Sources." Artibus et Historiae 8 (1983):9-26, repro.
Cuzin, Jean-Pierre. Raphaël: vie et oeuvre. Fribourg, 1983:74, repro.
Jones, Roger and Nicholas Penny. Raphael. New Haven and London, 1983: 207-208, repro.
Knab, Eckhart, Erwin Mitsch and Konrad Oberhuber. Raphael: Die Zeichnungen. Stuttgart, 1983: 91-92.
Mulazzani, Germano. Raffaello. Milan, 1983:38+, repro.
Dalli Regoli, Gigetta. La preveggenza della vergine. Struttura, stile, iconografia nelle Madonna del Cinquecento. Pisa, 1984: 19
Raffaello a Firenze. Exh. cat. Palazzo Pitti, Florence, 1984:43.
Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 174, no. 197, color repro.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 326, repro.
Christensen, Carol. "Examination and Treatment of Paintings by Raphael at the National Gallery of Art." Studies in the History of Art 17 (1986):47-48, 50-52, repro.
Gombrich, E. H. New Light on Old Masters. Studies in the Art of the Renaissance 4. Oxford, 1986: 117-118, repro.
Merrill, Ross M. "Examination and Treatment of the Small Cowper Madonna by Raphael at the National Gallery of Art." Studies in the History of Art 17 (1986):139-147, repro.
Ettlinger, Leopold D and Helen S. Raphael. Oxford, 1987:48-51, repro.
Walker, Richard W. "American's Imperial Collector's." Art News 86 (November 1987):157.
Kopper, Philip. America's National Gallery of Art: A Gift to the Nation. New York, 1991: 195.
Morandotti, Alessandro. "La fortuna collezionistica della pittura gotica e rinascimentale fra Ottocento e Novecento." In Mauro Natale, ed. Pittura italiana dal '300 al '500. Milan, 1991: 39, fig. 13.
Brown, David Alan. "Raphael, Leonardo, and Perugino: Fame and Fortune in Florence." In Serafina Hager, ed. Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael in Renaissance Florence from 1500-1508. Washington, DC, 1992:37-38, 47-48, 51, n.22, repro.
Penny, Nicholas. "Raphael's 'Madonna dei garofani' rediscovered." The Burlington Magazine 134 (February 1992): 73-74, repro.
Beck, James H. Raphael. New Yokl, 1994: 22.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. New York, 1995: 686, fig. 18-5.
Meyer zur Capellen, Jürg. Raphael in Florence. London, 1996: 154, no.93-96, repro.
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. 2 vols. Revised ed. New York, 1999: 694, fig. 18-14.
Kirsh, Andrea, and Rustin S. Levenson. Seeing Through Paintings: Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies. Materials and Meaning in the Fine Arts 1. New Haven, 2000: 9-10, fig. 4, 160-161, fig. 162, 191-192, fig. 202-203.
Meyer zur Capellen, Jürg. Raphael: A Critical Catalogue of His Paintings. Landshut, 2001:no. 23, repro.
Quodbach, Esmée. "The Last of the American Versailles: The Widener Collection at Lynnewood Hall." Simiolus 29, no. 1/2 (2002): 43, 73, 81, 85-86, 95, fig. 2.
Hand, John Oliver. National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection. Washington and New York, 2004: 82, no. 57, color repro.
Hartt, Frederick, and David G. Wilkins. History of Italian Renaissance Art: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, 2006: 482, color fig. 16.45.
Holler, Manfred J., and Barbara Klose-Ullmann. "Art Goes America." Journal of Economic Issues 44, no. 1 (March 2010): 103.
Pergam, Elizabeth A. The Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition of 1857: Entrepreneurs, Connoisseurs and the Public. Farnham and Burlington, 2011: figs. 4.6 and 4.9, 155, 215-216, 226, 233 n. 109, 312.
Harris, Neil. Capital Culture: J. Carter Brown, the National Gallery of Art, and the Reinvention of the Museum Experience. Chicago and London, 2013: 465.
Jaques, Susan. The Empress of Art: Catherine the Great and the Transformation of Russia. New York, 2016: 398.
Kondziella, Martha. Sodoma: Die Tafel- und Leinwanbilder. Merzhausen, 2023: 174-175.

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