on central relief, around upper field: SENATVS POP[U]L[U]S (the senate and the people); on shield in exergue: M[oderno]
Marks and Labels
On obverse, stamped at 5:00 with initials B.M. (for Baron Boissel de Monville). Reverse formerly bore previous inventory numbers P.35 (for Plaquette no. 35) in black paint (Bode/Thieme 1897/1906) and 73 in white paint (Hainauer/Duveen 1908); painted numerals removed in 1982 cleaning.
Oscar Hainauer [d. 1894], Berlin; his wife, Julie Hainauer, Berlin; acquired 1906 by (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York); by exchange 21 October 1920 to Joseph E. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; gift 1942 to NGA.
- Bode, Wilhelm von, ed. Die Sammlung Oscar Hainauer / The Collection of Oscar Hainauer. [bound as one volume, English and German pages interleaved in one page sequence] Berlin, 1897 and London, 1906: no. 175.
- A Cabinet of One Hundred & Thirty-Three Bronze Plaques and Medals of the Renaissance Period from the Collection of the Late Herr Oscar Hainauer of Berlin. Ed. Duveen Brothers. London, n.d. (but 1908): no. 73, repro.
- Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 15.
- Wilson, Carolyn C. Renaissance Small Bronze Sculpture and Associated Decorative Arts at the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 1983: 66, no. 17.
- Lewis, Douglas. "The Medallic Oeuvre of 'Moderno': His Development at Mantua in the Circle of 'Antico.'" Studies in the History of Art 21 (1987):82, 84, 92, 94, repro.