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Inscription

across lower field: I[ESUS].N[AZARENUS] / R[EX].I[UDEOREM] (Jesus of Nazareth, "King of the Jews")[1]

Inscription Notes

[1] This is the mocking Superscription applied to the Cross, as recounted in Matthew 27:37, Mark 15:26, and Luke 23:38 (all restricted to the “title” only); the full form, with both name and title, and note of trilingual Hebrew/Greek/Latin text, is in John 19:19–22.

Marks and Labels

Reverse bears former inventory numbers P.96 (for Plaquette no. 96) in black paint (Bode/Thieme 1897/1906) and 45. in white paint (Hainauer/Duveen 1908).

Provenance

Oscar Hainauer [d. 1894], Berlin; his wife, Julie Hainauer, Berlin; acquired 1906 by (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London and New York); by exchange 21 October 1920 to Joseph E. Widener, Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania; gift 1942 to NGA.

Bibliography
1897
Bode, Wilhelm von, ed. Die Sammlung Oscar Hainauer / The Collection of Oscar Hainauer. [bound as one volume, English and German pages interleaved in one page sequence] Berlin, 1897 and London, 1906: 99, no. 236, (Plaquette no. 96), as Florentine, fifteenth century.
1908
A Cabinet of One Hundred & Thirty-Three Bronze Plaques and Medals of the Renaissance Period from the Collection of the Late Herr Oscar Hainauer of Berlin. Ed. Duveen Brothers. London, n.d. (but 1908): no. 45, repro., as Florentine, fifteenth century.
1942
Works of Art from the Widener Collection. Foreword by David Finley and John Walker. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1942: 15.
2011
Rossi, Francesco. La collezione Mario Scaglia: placchette. 3 vols. Bergamo, 2011: 1:84, under Prototipo, C.6, as by the school of Filarete, and as part of the Hainauer Collection.
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