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J. Pierpont Morgan [1837-1913], New York. (P.W. French & Co., New York); inheritance from Estate of Peter A. B. Widener, by gift through power of appointment of Joseph E. Widener, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, after purchase by funds of the Estate;[1] gift 1942 to NGA.

Exhibition History

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (with J. Pierpont Morgan collection), c. 1916.
Exhibition of Oriental Rugs and Textiles, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1935, 19, no. 8, repro.
Exhibition of Persian Art, The Iranian Institute, New York, 1940, 8, no. 6 (Guide by Phyllis Ackerman).
An Exhibition of Antique Oriental Rugs, The Art Institute of Chicago, 1947, no. 15, repro.
From Persia's Ancient Looms, The Textile Museum, Washington, D.C., 1972, unnumbered, repro.

Technical Summary

Warp: silk, U2S, pale yellow, with alternate warps slightly depressed. Weft: silk, U, ivory x 3. Pile: silk, U and U2S. Asymmetrical knotting open at the left. Hor. 20½,21,23. Vert. 23,23,20. 420 to 440 knots to the square inch. The ends are cut. The sides consist of two cables of (U2S)3Z, one is weft attached, the other probably at least partially so. Red silk (apparently 2U) interwoven overcasting of the cables. Colors: ivory, black-brown, brownish yellow, bluish red, pale orange, dark green abrashed to yellow-greens, medium blue abrashed darker, and pale blue. Several colors have faded to ecru shades. This severely worn rug is in extremely fragile condition. There are many holes throughout the surface, and the silk pile is powdering. Numerous cracks have developed in the brittle warps. The corners and edges have degraded. The end finish extends into the pile, and wear streaks are apparent. In 1972, to prevent further deterioration, conservators attached the rug to a cotton fabric, mounted it on a stretcher, and enclosed it in a plexiglass box.


Meyer-Riefstahl, R. "Oriental Carpets in American Collections: Part One. Three Silk Rugs in the Altman Collection." Art in America 4 (April 1916): 151, 159.
Valentiner, Wilhelm R. "Persian Silk Animal Rug of the XVI Century." Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 6, no. 7 (January 1925): 70.
Inventory of the Objects d'Art at Lynnewood Hall, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania, The Estate of the Late P.A.B. Widener. Philadelphia, 1935: 135-136.
Pope 1938-1939, 3:2346; pl. 1197.
Pope, Arthur Upham. Masterpieces of Persian Art. New York, 1945: 184, color pl. F (facing page 177). Reprinted London, 1960, and Westport, Connecticut, 1970.
Dilley, Arthur U. Oriental Rugs and Carpets. New York, 1931: frontispiece and p. 64. Also 1959 ed.: frontispiece.
Erdmann, Kurt. "Die kleinen Seidenteppiche Kaschans." Pantheon 19, no. 4 (1961): 159-163, fig. 3.
Erdmann, Kurt. "Die kleinen Seidenteppiche Kaschans." Heimtex 15, no. 12 (1963): 25-30, fig. 8.
Erdmann, Kurt. Siebenhundert Jahre Orientteppich. Herford, 1966: 143, 147-148, fig. 186.
Erdmann, Kurt. Seven Hundred Years of Oriental Carpets. Edited by Hanna Erdmann. Translated by May H. Beattie and Hildegard Herzog. Berkeley, 1970: 62-64, fig. 67. (Orig. Siebenhundert Jahre Orientteppich. Zu seiner Geschichte und Erforschung. Hanna Erdmann, ed. Herford,1966.)

From Persia's Ancient Looms. Exh. cat. The Textile Museum, Washington, 1972: repro.
Encyclopaedia Britannica. 30 vols. 15th ed. Chicago, 1974: 16:11, fig. 2.
Herrmann, Eberhart. "A Great Discovery." Hali 36 (1987): 49.
Torchia, Robert Wilson. "Widener's Gift." Hali 92 (May 1997): 88-97, 120, fig. 1.
Bower, Virginia, Josephine Hadley Knapp, Stephen Little, and Robert Wilson Torchia. Decorative Arts, Part II: Far Eastern Ceramics and Paintings; Persian and Indian Rugs and Carpets. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1998: 289-293, color repro.

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