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Provenance

Private collection, New Jersey; Kendrick Scofield [d. 1955], Washington, by 1936;[1] (Leon F.S. Stark, Philadelphia); purchased June 1951 by the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington; acquired 2014 by the National Gallery of Art.

Exhibition History
1812
Second Annual Exhibition of the Society of Artists of the United States and the Pennsylvania Academy, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 11 May - 20 June 1812, no. 2.
1937
William Rush, 1756-1833, The First Native American Sculptor, Pennsylvania Museum of Art (now Philadelphia Museum of Art), Philadelphia, 1937, no. 56, as Unidentified Head, Attributed to William Rush.[1]
1966
Past and Present: 250 Years of American Art, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 15 April - 15 September 1966, unpublished checklist.
1976
The American Genius: W.W. Corcoran, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 24 January - 4 April 1976, catalogue without checklist.
1976
The Eye of Thomas Jefferson, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 5 June - 6 September 1976, no. 581, repro.
1982
William Rush: American Sculptor, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, 20 June - 21 November 1982, no. 24, repro.
Exhibition History Notes

[1] The exhibition catalogue, by Henri Marceau, presented a catalogue raisonné of the artist's work. Number 56, the NGA bust, was lent to the exhibition by Kendrick Scofield, who had been in correspondence with Marceau about the work at the time Marceau was finalizing the catalogue. In a letter of 11 January 1937 to Scofield (copy in NGA curatorial files; original in the Registrar's files, Philadelphia Museum of Art), Marceau writes that he had concluded the bust was by Rush. However, probably because the catalogue was about to go to press, Marceau listed what was the same object twice, as no. 18 (Linnaeus by Rush, "whereabouts unknown") and as no. 56 (Unidentified Head attributed to Rush, lent by Scofield).

Bibliography
1977
Rheims, Maurice. 19th Century Sculpture. New York, 1977: 254, no. 24, repro.
2014
Igoe, Laura Turner. "'Appropriate in a Sylvan State.' William Rush's Self-Portrait and Enviornmental Transformation." American Art 28, no. 1 (Spring 2014): 83, fig. 4.
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