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across bottom, in later hand: ALTOBELLVS + AVEROLDVS + BRIX-EPVS. (Altobello Averoldus Brixiensis Episcopus, Altobello Averoldo, Bishop of Brescia)


Purchased 24 March 1837 by Generale Conte Teodoro Lechi [1778-1866], Brescia, from a certain Mr. Bonaldi;[1] sold 31 May 1847 to Graf Samuel von Festetits [1806-1859], Vienna;[2] sold 1859 to Heinrich Adamberger, Vienna;[3] (his sale, Posonyi, Vienna, 24-28 April 1871, no. 1); Friedrich Jakob Gsell, Vienna; (his sale, G. Plach, Vienna, 14 March 1872, no. 152); Baron Nathaniel Mayer von Rothschild [1836-1905], Vienna; by inheritance to his nephew, Baron Alphons de Rothschild [1878-1942];[4] his widow, Baroness Clarice de Rothschild [1894-1967]; (Frederick Mont, New York); sold 2 March 1948 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York;[5] gift 1952 to NGA.


Frimmel, Theodor von. Lexikon der Wiener Gemäldesammlungen. 2 vols. Munich, 1913: 1:3.
Paintings and Sculpture from the Kress Collection Acquired by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation 1945-1951. Introduction by John Walker, text by William E. Suida. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1951: 84, no. 31, repro., as Altobello Averoldo of Brescia.
Paintings and Sculpture from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1959: 100, repro.
Summary Catalogue of European Paintings and Sculpture. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1965: 51.
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Central and North Italian Schools, 3 vols. London, 1968: 1:149.
Lechi, Fausto. I quadri delle collezioni Lechi in Brescia. Florence, 1968: 174.
National Gallery of Art. European Paintings and Sculpture, Illustrations. Washington, 1968: 44, repro.
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Italian Schools, XV-XVI Century. London, 1968: 71-72, fig. 169.
Fahy, Everett. "A Portrait of a Renaissance Cardinal as St. Jerome." Minneapolis Institute of Arts Bulletin 59 (1970): 9, 18, fig. 7.
Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, MA, 1972: 75, 647.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1975: 134, repro.
Shapley, Fern Rusk. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings. 2 vols. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1979: 1:191-192; 2:pl. 133.
Waterhouse, Ellis K. “Review. Catalogue of the Italian Paintings by Fern Rusk Shapley.” The Burlington Magazine 122, no. 930 (September 1980): 638.
European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 161, repro.
Mündler, Otto. "The Travel Diaries of Otto Mündler." Ed. Carol Togneri Dowd. Walpole Society 51 (1985): 174, 272.
Ekserdjian, David. "Francesco Francia." In Jane Turner, ed. The Dictionary of Art. 34 vols. New York and London, 1996: 11:701.
Negro, Emilio, and Nicosetta Roio. Francesco Francia e la sua scuola. Florence and Modena, 1998: 85, 94, 203, 204, 207, cat. 79.
Boskovits, Miklós, David Alan Brown, et al. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. The Systematic Catalogue of the National Gallery of Art. Washington, 2003: 284-286, color repro.

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