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Information on this painting can be found in the Gallery publication American Naive Paintings, pages 204-205, which is available as a free PDF


lower right: 1878-Charles Hofman [sic], Painter.; upper center, on banner: VIRTUE, LIBERTY & INDEPENDENCE!; upper center, just above banner: PENSYLVANIA; lower center: VIEWS OF THE BUILDINGS & SURROUNDINGS / OF THE BERKS-COUNTY-ALMS-HOUSE. 1878.; along bottom of small scenes, clockwise beginning at lower left: Tenant-house No. II.; School-house.; Cemetery; Tenant hous [sic] No. I.; Western-View of the new Hospital.; Tenant-house No. III.; Kitchen-supplying spring, & Reservoir:; Grein barn:


Jacob Hartgen, Reading, Pennsylvania, 1878-1925.[1] (Bert Frame, Reading, Pennsylvania), by whom sold in 1947 to Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch; gift to NGA, 1953.

Exhibition History

American Processional, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, 1950, no. 281.
101 Masterpieces of American Primitive Painting from the Collection of E.W. and B.C. Garbisch, traveling exh. by the Amer. Federation of Arts, New York, 1961-1964, no. 99, color repro. First venue: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y.
National Gallery Loan Exhibition, Mint Museum of Art, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1967, no. 15.
Pennsylvania Almshouse Painters--Charles Hofmann, John Rasmussen and Louis Mader, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, 1968, unpaginated and unnumbered (cat. by Thomas Armstrong).
Twenty-five Folk Artists: Their Lives and Work, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Virginia, 1971, no cat.
American Naive Paintings from the Garbisch Collection at the National Gallery of Art, Taubman Museum of Art, Roanoke, Virginia, 2010, no cat.


American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 68, repro.
Rothman, David J. "Our Brothers' Keepers." American Heritage 24 (December): 40-41, color repro. with long caption.
American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 176, repro.
Armstrong, Thomas. "Charles C. Hofman." In Lipman, Jean, and Tom Armstrong, eds. American Folk Painters of Three Centuries Exh. cat. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, 1980: 103, 106, 108, 109 (for related Almshouse works).
Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 204-205, color repro. 203.
Donahue, M. Patricia. Nursing, The Finest Art: An Illustrated History. St Louis, 1996: 226-227, color repro.

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