center right at base of ornament on the square column at right: NSI (the 'S' in reverse)
(Kleinberger Gallery, Paris). (Paul Cassirer, Amsterdam, by June 1936). (Rudolf Heinemann, New York, by 1937-January 1975). (Feilchenfeldt, Zurich); purchased 1978 by NGA.
The painting is composed of two boards with vertical grain. The original panel has been mounted on a second piece of wood and thin wood strips have been attached around the edges. The painting is in generally good condition, but there is scattered abrasion and small losses throughout. There are small losses along the join line and around all edges. Infrared reflectography reveals underdrawing in the figures and architecture. In some instances the changes in the underdrawing are paralleled by changes in the paint layer, as, for instance, in the increased base of the square column at the extreme left and the corresponding adjustment in the hem of the Virgin's robe.
- Friedländer, Max J. Die altniederländische Malerei 14 vols. 1924-1937. Leiden, 1937: 14: 125. (English ed., 14 vols., 1967-1976. Leiden, 1974: 11:102, Suppl. 309, pl. 202.)
- Erwing, Dan. "The Paintings and Drawings of Jan de Beer." 2 vols. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1978: 1:78, 160; 2:fig. 94.
- Wilson, Jean. "Adriaen Isenbrant Reconsidered: The Making and Marketing of Art in Sixteenth-Century Bruges." Ph.D. diss., The Johns Hopkins University (1983):20-28, 191-192, pl. 17.
- Walker, John. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Rev. ed. New York, 1984: 158, no. 174, color repro.
- European Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1985: 210, repro.
- Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, 1986: 118-122, repro. 119.