Bartolomeo di Virgilio Melioli appears to have spent his entire life working in Mantua. Melioli's style is derived from the work of Cristoforo di Geremia (active 1456-1476). Melioli was appointed master of the mint at Mantua in 1492, holding the office until probably 1500.
Melioli's five signed medals depict the king of Denmark, Christian I (made during a visit to Mantua in 1474); Lodovico II Gonzaga, second marquess of Mantua (the artist's earliest dated medal); and three members of the Gonzaga family. Another group of four medals is attributed to the artist. A bronze bust of Mantegna in the church of Sant'Andrea has been wrongly ascribed to Melioli, and a body of plaquettes attributed to him is no longer accepted as his work.
 He had apparently been superseded by September 1500, when Gianfrancesco Ruberti was referred to as presidente de la cecha (superintendent of the mint; George Francis Hill, A Corpus of Italian Medals of the Renaissance before Cellini, London, 1930: 47).
 The bust is now regarded as a self-portrait; see Anthony Radcliffe in Splendours of the Gonzaga, ed. David Chambers and Jane Martineau, Exh. cat., Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1981: 121, no. 30, and in Medaglisti nell'età di Mantegna e il Trionfo di Cesare, Exh. cat., Cala del Mantegna, Mantua, 1992: 90, no. 1.
 John Pope-Hennessy, Renaissance Bronzes from the Samuel H. Kress Collection: Reliefs, Plaquettes, Statuettes, Utensils and Mortars, London, 1965: nos. 190-202.
[This is the artist's biography published in the NGA systematic catalogue of Renaissance medals.]