Recorded as from New York State. Reportedly purchased from a descendant of "Captian Frazier" by an unidentified dealer. (Thurston Thacher, Hyde Park, New York), by whom sold in 1949 to Edgar William and Bernice Chrysler Garbisch; gift to NGA, 1953.
- Extended loan for use by Secretary William Richardson, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C., 1999-2001.
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 286, repro., as Oneida Chief Umpus
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1992: 395, repro.
- Chotner, Deborah, with contributions by Julie Aronson, Sarah D. Cash, and Laurie Weitzenkorn. American Naive Paintings. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 510-512, repro. 511.