probably falsely signed and dated, lower right: Gt. Duyckinck A.D. 1699
(Rose M. [Mrs. Augustus] de Forest, New York); sold 21 April 1924 to Thomas B. Clarke [1848-1931], New York, as a portrait of Anne van Cortland by Gerret Duyckinck; sold by Clarke's executors to (M. Knoedler & Co., New York), from whom it was purchased 29 January 1936, as part of the Clarke collection, by The A.W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, Pittsburgh; gift to NGA, 1947.
- A Loan Exhibition of the Earliest Known Portraits of Americans Painted in This Country by Painters of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, The Century Association, New York, 1925, no. 3, as Anne Van Cortlandt by Gerret Duyckinck.
- Portraits by Early American Artists of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Collected by Thomas B. Clarke, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1928-1931, unnumbered and unpaginated catalogue, as Anne Van Cortlandt by Gerret Duyckinck.
- American Paintings and Sculpture: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1970: 158, repro., as American (?).
- American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1980: 307, as Unknown [Formerly Considered American].
- Hayes, John. British Paintings of the Sixteenth through Nineteenth Centuries. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1992: 310-311, repro. 310.
The medium-weight canvas is coarsely plain woven; it has been lined. The ground is off-white, smoothly applied. There is a thin, warm imprimatura. The composition is painted within a gray feigned oval. The painting is executed in smooth layers, blended wet into wet, in the flesh tones, which are built up from the cool shadows to the warm highlights, with livelier, impasted handling in the highlights of the draperies. There is some abrasion in the paint surface, especially in the blue drapery, where there is extensive retouching; other retouching is minimal, except over a paint loss to the right of the sitter's head. The thick, natural resin varnish has discolored slightly.