Very few facts are known about the life and career of Joachim Patinir (or Patinier). The artist was born in southern Belgium, probably in Bouvignes. His date of birth is unknown; from his appearance in a drawing made in 1521 by Albrecht Dürer, now lost, but engraved by Cornelis Cort and published in 1572, it is thought that he was born around 1485. In 1515 Patinir entered the painters' guild in Antwerp. That Patinir remarried on 5 May 1521 we know from Dürer's diary of his journey to the Netherlands, for the German artist was invited to Patinir's wedding as well as the prenuptial festivities. A document of 5 October 1524 mentions his second wife as a widow. [Hand, John Oliver, and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1986: 224.]
Baldass, Ludwig. "Die niederländische Landschaftsmalerei von Patinir bis Bruegel." Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses (Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien) 34 (1918): 111-157.
Friedländer 1931, vol. 9 (vol. 9, part 2, 1973).
Koch, Robert A. Joachim Patinir. Princeton, 1968.
Hand, John Oliver and Martha Wolff. Early Netherlandish Painting. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, D.C., 1986: 224.