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Frederick Sommer in Context



“Aaron Siskind – Chronology." Aaron Siskind Foundation.

"Aaron Siskind: The Egan Gallery Years 1947–1954." Robert Mann Gallery, 2008.

"Charles Sheeler: Across Media." National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 2006.

Danly, Susan and Weston J. Naef. Edward Weston in Los Angeles. Exhibiton catalog. San Marino and Los Angeles, 1986.

Davis, Keith F., Susan Krane, Britt Salvesen, and Claire Carter. At the Crossroads of American Photography: Callahan Siskind Sommer. Santa Fe, NM and Scottsdale, AZ, 2009.

Ernst, Max. Une semaine de bonté: A Surrealistic Novel in Collage. Trans. Stanley Appelbaum. New York, 1976.

Fineman, Mia. Faking It: Manipulated Photography before Photoshop. New York and New Haven, CT, 2012.

Lyons, Naomi and Jeremy Cox, eds. The Art of Frederick Sommer: Photography, Drawing, Collage. Prescott, AZ and New Haven, CT, 2005.

Mahon, Alyce. “The Search for a New Dimension: Surrealism and Magic.” In The Meanings of Magic from the Bible to Buffalo Bill, edited by Amy Wygant, 221–234. Oxford and New York, 2006.

Max Ernst, ‘Une semaine de bonté’ — the Original Collages." Musée d'Orsay, 2009.

Murphy, Jessica. "Charles Sheeler (1883–1965)." In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2009.

Newhall, Nancy, ed. The Daybooks of Edward Weston, vol. 2. Rochester, NY, 1966.

Petruck, Peninah R. Y., ed. The Camera Viewed: Writings on Twentieth-Century Photography, vol. 2. New York, 1979.

Philadelphia College of Art. Frederick Sommer. Philadelphia, PA, 1968. 

Photographs from the Collection of Nancy Richardson. Sotheby’s auction catalog. New York, October 16, 2007.

Rule, Amy and Nancy Solomon, eds. Original Sources: Art and Archives at the Center for Creative Photography. Tucson, 2002.

Sommer, Frederick. Sommer. Words. Tucson, AZ, 1984.

Spies, Werner and Sabine Rewald, eds. Max Ernst: A Retrospective. New York and New Haven, CT, 2005.

Stebbins Jr., Theodore E. and Norman Keyes, Jr. Charles Sheeler: The Photographs. Boston, 1987.

“The Photographs of Frederick Sommer: A Centennial Tribute.” The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005. 

Walker, Ian. “Man Ray and the Rayograph.” Art and Artists 10:1 (April 1975): 40–42.

Weston, Edward. Edward Weston. New York 1932.

Wilson, Charis. Through Another Lens: My Years with Edward Weston. New York, 1998.


This web feature was written by Ksenya Gurshtein, A.W. Mellon postdoctoral curatorial fellow in the department of photographs. It was produced by the department of education and the publishing office at the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

The author would like to express her deep gratitude to Naomi Lyons and Jeremy Cox, Frederick & Frances Sommer Foundation; Sarah Gordon, department of photographs, National Gallery of Art; Rena Hoisington, department of prints, drawings & photographs, Baltimore Museum of Art; Russell Lord and Monika Cantin, department of photographs, New Orleans Museum of Art; Joshua Chuang and Marisa Nakasone, department of photographs, Yale University Art Gallery; David Benjamin, Center for Creative Photography Library, University of Arizona; and Elisabeth Remak-Honnef, Library Special Collections, University of California Santa Cruz for their generous help with the research for this web feature. She would also like to thank Sarah Greenough, senior curator, and Diane Waggoner, associate curator, in the department of photographs at the National Gallery of Art for their support and guidance in the writing of this web feature.

Copyright © 2013 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC