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Inscription

lower left in pen and black ink: WB inv 1803

Provenance

Thomas Butts [1757-1845]; Thomas Butts, Jr.; Captain F.J. Butts; his widow; sold 1906 through Carfax to W. Graham Robertson [1866-1948]; (his sale, Christie's, London, 22 July 1949, no. 43); (Thomas Agnew and Sons, London). Shaw Kennedy, by 1957. (Thomas Agnew and Sons, London), by 1963. Mrs. James Biddle, New York [later Mrs. Robert Duemling], 1966; Louisa C. Duemling; gift 1991 to NGA.

Exhibition History
1876
Burlington Fine Arts Club, Exhibition of the Works of William Blake, no. 218
1906
Carfax exhibition of works by William Blake, born 1757, died 1827 : 14 June to 31 July, 1906, no. 45.
1913
The National Gallery of British Art. Loan Exhibition of Works by William Blake, October to December, 1913, no. 38
1914
Nottingham Castle; Catalogue of a loan exhibition of works by William Blake (1757-1827), April, 1914, No. 39.
1914
The Manchester Whitworth Institute. Catalogue of a Loan Collection of Works by William Blake, February to March 1914. No. 39 (Exhibited under the title, "The House of Death, or the Lazar House").
1927
Burlington Fine Arts Club, Blake Centenary Exhibition, no. 34
1947
Blake, 1757-1827, The British Council, Tate Gallery, London, 1947, no. 35
1947
William Blake, 1757-1827, Galerie Rene Drouin, Paris, no. 25
1991
Art for the Nation: Gifts in Honor of the 50th Anniversary of the National Gallery of Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, p.124-125.
1994
Bosch e o Eterno Retorn [Bosch and the Eternal Return], Palácio Foz, Lisbon, Portugal, 1994 (catalogue by José-Augusto França, Bosch ou "Le Visionnaire Intergral").
1997
Six Centuries/Six Artists, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1997.
Bibliography
1906
Russell, Archibald G. The Letters of William Blake London: Metheun & Co., 1906: 117-124.
1922
Binyon, Laurence, The Drawings and Engravings of William Blake. London: The Studio, Limited, 1922: 21-22, No. 49.
1925
Figgis, Darrell, The Paintings of William Blake. London: Ernest Benn, Limited, 1925: 72-73, No. 53.
1952
Preston, Kerrison, The Blake Collection of W. Graham Robertson. London: Faber and Faber. LTD, 1952: no. 62, 158-159.
1956
Bentley, Jr, G. E., “Thomas Butts, White Collar Maecenas,” PMLA 71.5 (1956): 1052-1066.
1956
Keynes, Geoffrey The Letters of William Blake. London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1956: 86-90.
1957
Keynes, Geoffrey William Blake’s Illustrations to the Bible: a catalogue. Boissia, Clairvaux, Jura, France: Trianon Press for the William Blake Trust, 1957: 172.
1959
Blunt, Anthony, The Art of William Blake. New York, Evanston, San Francisco, and London: Harper and Row, 1959: 108.
1968
Raine, Kathleen Blake and Tradition Vol. I. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1968: 413-412.
1969
Bentley, Jr, G. E. Blake Records. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969: 570-571.
1971
Gage, John, “Blake’s Newton,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 34 (1971): 372-377, pg 375.
1972
Keynes, Geoffrey Blake Complete Writings. London: Oxford University Press, 1972: 823-826.
1974
Mellor, Anne Kostelanetz Blake’s Human Form Divine. Berkely and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974: 193-197.
1977
Bindman, David Blake as an Artist. Oxford: Phaidon, 1977: 132-139.
1981
Butlin, Martin. The Paintings and Drawings of William Blake . New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981: 365-366.
1990
Butlin, Martin William Blake 1757-1827. London: Tate Gallery Collections, 1990: 122.
1990
Johnson, Mary Lynn, “David’s Recognition of the Human Face of God in Blake’s Design for the book of Pslams,” in Blake and his Bibles edited by David V. Erdman, pgs. 117-156. Connecticut: Locust Hill Press, 1990: 119-120.
1991
Art for the Nation: Gifts in Honor of the 50th Anniversary of the National Gallery of Art . Exh. cat. National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1991: p.124.
2013
Kelly, Franklin. "William Blake, The Death of Saint Joseph." National Gallery of Art Bulletin no. 49 (Fall 2013): 22-23 (color).